Suicide – why are men at risk so much stronger than women?

On the subject of suicide in almost all countries there is a Paradox: women suffer more often from diseases such as depression, you try more likely than men to commit suicide, yet the suicide rate for men is much higher.

Nearly 10,000 people die in Germany from suicide. But they are not perceived as other deaths. For the classification: There die more people by suicide than by traffic accidents, violence, AIDS, and illegal drugs. With “legal” alcohol deaths are not counted. Worldwide, there were according to the WHO, in the year of 2016 is estimated to 793.000 suicide cases.

Far more Attempts

The number of Trials, however, is much higher, it is estimated in Germany at 150,000. In statistics, the classical case of very young people dominates. In no other stage of life, so many people commit suicide attempts before the 25. Years of age. Behind accidents are the leading cause of death in the group of the 15 – to 20-Year-old – what, however, is the fact that only a few young people die of diseases.

In Germany, three times as many men to bring in all age groups, such as women. A global Trend. In the case of British women, the rate is one-third of the men. In the United States, there are three and a half Times as many men in Russia and Argentina, even four Times. This relationship is not new. “We see this discrepancy as long as the records go back,” said psychologist Jill Harkavy-Friedman, Vice President for research at the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, the BBC. Paradoxically, women tend but more often to a suicide attempt. In the United States, there are 20 per cent more. The male suicide attempts are far more likely to be a target.

Call for help recognize

There are numerous explanations why men are especially at risk. Lack of communication, such as the inability to have problems and appear to be the desire for a strong image. Also the collapse of a whole existence as a result of debt or unemployment can lead to suicide attempts.

Men and mental health problems

Men are generally less likely help with mental health problems, Harkavy-Friedman. “It is not so, that men have the same problems as women – but they often do not know that you are suffering from Stress or mental illness. And so are at greater risk for suicide to expose.” Mental disorders increase the suicidal tendencies enormously, above all, the Depression. Mental Suffering such as depression are today, good to deal with. The most important prerequisite for a successful therapy is that the Sick get medical aid – a first point of contact may be the house doctor.

The classic male way out in the case of psychological complaints, however, often leads to higher drug use and alcohol consumption, what is the risk of suicide further increased. The WHO lists 30 factors that increase the vulnerability of a Person. According to the WHO, alcohol abuse plays in almost 50 percent of suicides have a role. Mental disorders in the 90.

These possible triggers not explain the high proportion of women in the suicide attempt. The statistics does not differentiate between “serious” Attempt, which would have led almost to death, and in between Try to understand rather than call for help.

In Germany, there are prevention programs and initiatives. However, in comparison to the above-mentioned other causes of death – traffic accidents, drugs or AIDS are the efforts low. Public relations is also considered to be difficult. Experts fear the Werther effect, named after a character from a novel by Goethe. He says that cases of publicly perceived suicides copycat. Using some of the provocative photos, the helmet has been discussed campaign for road safety week – such PR Tricks to the issue of suicide is not possible. However, suicides in Germany. 9838 dead in the year 2016, 30 years earlier, 16.296 cases.

Sources: BBC, WHO

You have suicidal thoughts? Help the phone offers pastoral care. It is anonymous, free-of-charge and round-the-clock 0 800 / 111 0 111 and 0 800 / 111 0 222 accessible. A consultation via E-Mail. A list of Federal-aid stations can be found on the page of the German society for suicide prevention.

For children and young people, the number against sorrow from Monday to Saturday from 14 to 20 hours – the number of 116 11.

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