Symptoms of Shaken Baby Syndrome

Also called abusive head trauma, shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is the end result of an infant being violently shaken. It is the main cause of death or neurological injury in infants who are abused. The perpetrators in approximately 90% of all SBS cases are males, typically the biological father of the infants. Quite frequently, child abuse is under-recognized by respective […]

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Bisphosphonate Mechanism

Normal bone physiology Bones are living tissues that undergo constant remodelling. In a healthy bone that has finished growing, the breakdown of old bone (by osteoclasts) and the formation of new bone (by osteoblasts) is a carefully regulated process. What happens in osteoporosis and bone damage? When osteoporosis occurs or when cancer affects the bones, the proportion of osteoclasts and […]

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What is Glutamine?

Glutamine is one of the twenty amino acids, the individual building blocks that join together to make up proteins in the body. When a gene is expressed, three consecutive base pairs code for a particular amino acid. Through connection of these amino acids, a polypeptide chain is made that eventually forms a protein. As one of these amino acids, glutamine […]

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Klinefelter Syndrome Diagnosis

A diagnosis of Klinefelter syndrome can be made based on a number of physical characteristics and symptoms, and confirmed with diagnostic chromosomal analysis. Unlike several other congenital conditions, there is currently no screening of newborn babies with Klinefelter syndrome in the United States. The symptoms are often overlooked in childhood and it is estimated that only 10% of boys with […]

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Treatment of visual impairment

Depending on the cause and degree of the visual impairment, management can be decided upon. Types of visual impairment Visual impairment may mean partial sight, or sight impairment which is defined as: either having very poor visual acuity (3/60 to 6/60) and having a full field of vision or having moderate visual acuity (up to 6/24) and reduced field of […]

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Skin Cancer Causes

There are several risk factors that raise the propensity to get skin cancers by manifold. The exact cause why DNA damage occurs and why cancer results from such DNA damage is not known clearly but these risk factors give an idea regarding factors that can be avoided to prevent skin cancers. Risk factors of skin cancers The risk factors of […]

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How Paclitaxel Works

Cancerous tumor cells are characterized by their rapid rate of cell division, which is no longer controlled as in normal tissues. Somatic cells of the body normally undergo a resting period during the G0 phase of the mitosis, and differentiate into functional cells no longer capable to divide. In case of active tumors, the cells are activated by specific kinases […]

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Influenza Symptoms

Respiratory illness caused by influenza virus, commonly known as the flu, is often difficult to distinguish from the diseases caused by other respiratory pathogens merely on the basis of signs and symptoms. Sole interpretation by a clinician is therefore not specific, and strict clinical definitions have also shown poor performance in some studies on older patients. Proper treatment of patients […]

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Rheumatoid Arthritis Complications

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a crippling disease associated with several complications and comorbidities or associated diseases. Some of the complications and comorbidities seen among patients with rheumatoid arthritis include:- Inflammation of other organs Several organs may be affected in rheumatoid arthritis along with joints. Some patients may develop inflammation of the lining covering the lungs. This is called pleurisy. Pleurisy […]

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Dermatomyositis Diagnosis

Dermatomyositis can often be diagnosed based on assessment of symptoms. Although the disease primarily affects the muscles and skin, it is a systemic condition and can also involve the lungs, joints, esophagus and sometimes the heart. Examples of the steps that may be taken in the diagnosis of dermatomyositis include: Details of the history of the condition are taken along […]

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