Breast Anatomy

Understanding the anatomy of the breast is important in understanding how it makes milk. Making breast milk involves both the brain as well as the breast. Several hormones are responsible for making and continuing to make breast milk. The breast is a modification of a cluster of glands. There are several parts of a normal breast:- Glandular tissue This is […]

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Breastfeeding Twins or Multiples

Feeding twins, triplets or more is special but may be a challenge. It is vital that the mother is educated regarding the benefits of breastfeeding her babies. Twins and triplets may often be preterm and low birth weight. They may have had a difficult delivery as well. This makes breast milk more beneficial for them to catch up on their […]

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What is Acne?

Acne or pimples is a skin condition that usually affects adolescents or teenagers but may affect an individual at any age. It leads to spots and boils over the skin of the face, forehead, neck, back and chest. The spots may range from blackheads and whiteheads that are mild and painless to severe boils or pustules that are inflamed and […]

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Tonsillitis Complications

Tonsillitis often resolves within three to four days, with fever and other symptoms usually subsiding within a week. In some individuals however, the symptoms do not improve or may even worsen after this time. Some of the complications of tonsillitis include: Recurrent tonsillitis In some individuals, tonsillitis occurs repeatedly every time they develop an upper respiratory tract infection. This is […]

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What Causes Abdominal Pain?

Abdominal pain or belly pain can occur due to several underlying pathologies. While some of these are minor and do not lead to serious damage, some may be a symptom of a life-threatening underlying condition. Image Credit: P Stock / Shutterstock.com Classification according to severity The causes of abdominal pain may be classified according to their severity and level of […]

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Prevention of cot death

Cot deaths or Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is rare especially after six months of age when the babies are little more physically mobile. In spite of the small risks, cot death is a devastating occurrence and rates can be reduced by simple preventive and precautionary measures. Preventive strategies for cot deaths include (1-7) – Changing the sleeping position – […]

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Dyskeratosis Congenita Genetics

Dyskeratosis congenita is a rare form of bone marrow failure, where the bone marrow fails to produce enough blood cells. The condition is therefore usually diagnosed based on a low number of circulating red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Dyskeratosis congenita is characterized by oral leukoplakia, hyperpigmentation of the skin and nail dystrophy. Further features of the condition […]

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Asperger Syndrome Causes

The exact cause of Asperger syndrome is unknown and the pathology that underlies this condition is not well understood. However, research suggests that the factors that cause this condition may be a combination of both genetic and environmental variables. These factors may lead to changes in brain development that develops into Asperger syndrome. What is evidenced in medicine and extensive […]

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Haloperidol Side Effects

Haloperidol is an antipsychotic medication used to treat schizophrenia, mania and other forms of psychosis. It acts by blocking the effects of dopamine, a chemical in the brain that affects thinking, behavior and feelings. Several possible side effects are associated with the use of this neuroleptic drug. Some of these include: Cardiovascular effects such as prolonged QT interval and Torsades […]

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Sciatica Diagnosis

The diagnosis of sciatica usually involves a thorough medical history and a physical examination with certain tests to establish the involvement of the symptoms. In some cases, further medical test may also be required to differentiate sciatica from other health conditions with similar symptoms that require other treatments. Medical History A full medical history should be taken to establish any […]

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