Drug abuse during pregnancy can cause diabetes in children later in life

Data from the U.S. indicate that between 5 to 10 percent of mothers consume psychostimulants (such as amphetamine, cocaine or methamphetamine) during pregnancy. Apart from the negative impacts on the developing brain, many babies born from drug-abusing mothers present with imbalanced blood glucose levels, which statistically affects more female newborns. The study, based upon observations in people and conducted in […]

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Omega-3 fish oil as effective for attention as ADHD drugs for some children

Researchers from King’s College London and China Medical University in Taichung, Taiwan, have found omega-3 fish oil supplements improve attention among children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), but only among those with low levels of omega-3 in their blood. The researchers say their results bring a personalised medicine approach to psychiatry by demonstrating that omega-3 only works for some […]

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What Is the Average Penis Size—and Can You Do Anything About It?

Does penis size matter? Sex experts typically say no, but that doesn't stop a guy from worrying that his penis might be too small. Amazingly, scientists have poured their resources into measuring male members—and they've come up with an average penis length and width. So what's considered average? According to a 2014 study of more than 15,000 men published in The British […]

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Ammonia levels do not aid management of hepatic encephalopathy in cirrhotic patients

The liver performs several critical functions including filtering blood, detoxifying chemicals and metabolizing drugs. When the liver is damaged by hepatitis, alcohol, or primary liver disease, fibrosis ensues. Long-term fibrosis contributes to cirrhosis of the liver, which in turn can cause severe complications, including hepatic encephalopathy (HE), a condition that results in a temporary decline in mental function in up […]

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Brain scans reveal how the human brain compensates when one hemisphere is removed

Researchers studying six adults who had one of their brain hemispheres removed during childhood to reduce epileptic seizures found that the remaining half of the brain formed unusually strong connections between different functional brain networks, which potentially help the body to function as if the brain were intact. The case study, which investigates brain function in these individuals with hemispherectomy, […]

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Ischemia trial validates current practice standards

The Society for Cardiovascular Angiography & Interventions (SCAI) congratulates the investigators of the ISCHEMIA trial on their very important late-breaking research presented today at the American Heart Association 2019 Scientific Sessions. The results of the ISCHEMIA trial are consistent with earlier studies showing medical therapies are essential to keep people safe and help improve quality-of-life, with or without early intervention. […]

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The ways astronauts prep for spaceflight could benefit cancer patients, say researchers

During spaceflight, astronauts experience similar physical stress as cancer patients undergoing treatments such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy. In a commentary published November 14 in the journal Cell, researchers suggest that by mimicking a NASA astronaut’s schedule of exercising before, during, and after a mission, cancer patients could reduce the long-term impact their treatments often have on their bodies. […]

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