Unexpected viral behavior linked to type 1 diabetes in high-risk children

New results from The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study show an association between prolonged enterovirus infection and the development of autoimmunity to the insulin-producing pancreatic beta-cells that precedes type 1 diabetes (T1D). Notably, researchers also found that early adenovirus C infection seemed to confer protection from autoimmunity. The full findings were published Dec. 2 in Nature […]

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Feeling loved in everyday life linked with improved well-being

Poets and songwriters may tend to focus their artistry on passion and romance, but it may be those unsung, brief feelings of love throughout the day that are connected with psychological well-being, according to a team of researchers led by two Penn State Institute for Computational and Data Sciences (ICDS) researchers. They added that the findings could one day lead […]

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New tandem radiation therapy effective in prostate cancer patients with no further treatment options

Prostate cancer accounts for 26 percent of male cancer cases diagnosed in Germany, making it the most common form of malignant tumor in men. If the cancer becomes metastatic, it is not unlikely that it will prove fatal in the generally elderly patients. Scientists and doctors at Saarland University Hospital recently conducted a clinical trial in which they established the […]

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Researchers carry out simulation of a hospital outbreak

“Genomics of a Mock Outbreak” was a stress test on the ability to identify and characterize multidrug-resistant bacteria isolated from patients and the hospital environment. The results, released on European Antibiotic Awareness Day, 18 November, show that it is possible to sequence and analyze bacterial genomes in a short time, which is crucial information to manage and control an outbreak. […]

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Drug abuse during pregnancy can cause diabetes in children later in life

Data from the U.S. indicate that between 5 to 10 percent of mothers consume psychostimulants (such as amphetamine, cocaine or methamphetamine) during pregnancy. Apart from the negative impacts on the developing brain, many babies born from drug-abusing mothers present with imbalanced blood glucose levels, which statistically affects more female newborns. The study, based upon observations in people and conducted in […]

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Omega-3 fish oil as effective for attention as ADHD drugs for some children

Researchers from King’s College London and China Medical University in Taichung, Taiwan, have found omega-3 fish oil supplements improve attention among children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), but only among those with low levels of omega-3 in their blood. The researchers say their results bring a personalised medicine approach to psychiatry by demonstrating that omega-3 only works for some […]

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What Is the Average Penis Size—and Can You Do Anything About It?

Does penis size matter? Sex experts typically say no, but that doesn't stop a guy from worrying that his penis might be too small. Amazingly, scientists have poured their resources into measuring male members—and they've come up with an average penis length and width. So what's considered average? According to a 2014 study of more than 15,000 men published in The British […]

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Ammonia levels do not aid management of hepatic encephalopathy in cirrhotic patients

The liver performs several critical functions including filtering blood, detoxifying chemicals and metabolizing drugs. When the liver is damaged by hepatitis, alcohol, or primary liver disease, fibrosis ensues. Long-term fibrosis contributes to cirrhosis of the liver, which in turn can cause severe complications, including hepatic encephalopathy (HE), a condition that results in a temporary decline in mental function in up […]

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Brain scans reveal how the human brain compensates when one hemisphere is removed

Researchers studying six adults who had one of their brain hemispheres removed during childhood to reduce epileptic seizures found that the remaining half of the brain formed unusually strong connections between different functional brain networks, which potentially help the body to function as if the brain were intact. The case study, which investigates brain function in these individuals with hemispherectomy, […]

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