Social Identification and Mental Health

IntroductionGroup identification and mental healthGroup identification and adolescent mental healthMultiple group identifications and mental healthReferences Further reading  What are people's perceptions of themselves, and how do they view themselves? Because people's perceptions of themselves are affected by the environment they experience, they look outside of themselves to the social context. Identity is described as a notion of the self, the substance […]

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How Does Alcohol Consumption Affect the Immune System?

Innate vs. adaptive immunityAlcohol and the microbiomeHow alcohol affects the innate immune system Effects of alcohol on adaptive immunityAlcohol consumption and infectionReferencesFurther reading Although alcohol consumption is typically associated with liver damage, both moderate and chronic alcohol use can significantly impact the immune system, thereby limiting the ability of the body to protect itself from infection and disease adequately. Image […]

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The Importance of Regulating Medical Devices

Medical DevicesEvolution of Medical Device RegulationWhy Regulate Medical Devices?     Safety     Uniform Requirements     Promote Innovation     Free Movement of Goods     Compensation New AreasFostering InnovationRational TestingConclusionReferences Medical Devices "A medical device can be any instrument, apparatus, implement, machine, appliance, implant, reagent for in vitro use, software, material or other similar or related article, intended by the manufacturer to […]

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Inappropriate antibiotics for nonhospitalized kids cost US at least $74 million

Antibiotics inappropriately prescribed to nonhospitalized children resulted in at least $74 million in excess health-care costs in the U.S. in 2017, according to a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and The Pew Charitable Trusts. Children who were prescribed unneeded or unsuitable antibiotics in outpatient settings, such as doctors’ offices and urgent care centers, also […]

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What is Trauma-Informed Care?

Defining TraumaApplications of Trauma in Patients Receiving CareTrauma-Informed CareWhy is Trauma-Informed Care Important?Establishing an Environment to Handle TraumaThe Concept and Mechanism of TraumaReferencesFurther Reading Defining Trauma Trauma is the result of experiencing severe stress or violence committed against a person. It can disrupt the state of the psyche and lead to borderline or clinical conditions including neuroses and psychosomatic illnesses. […]

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Smoking-cessation program that targets cancer patients effective

Researchers at Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that a program that targets patients for smoking-cessation treatment while they’re visiting a clinic for cancer care gets more cancer patients into such treatment than previous methods. The program also helps more cancer patients quit successfully, and its costs are lower […]

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What is Amniocentesis?

Amniocentesis describes the extraction of amniotic fluid through the abdominal wall (i.e., through a transabdominal approach with ultrasound guidance). This procedure is performed by a trained obstetrician or gynecologist. The amniotic fluid extracted contains fetal cells alongside transudates such as epithelial and bladder cells. Amniocentesis. Image Credit: Thomas Andreas/Shutterstock.com Why is amniocentesis performed? Amniocentesis is employed to detect chromosome abnormalities […]

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Future of Smart Health Systems

Advances in technology look set to change the face of global health care as we know it. The idea of smart healthcare uses a new generation of information technologies including artificial intelligence and big data. Smart healthcare. Image Credit: ra2 studio/Shutterstock.com The future of healthcare looks set to be transformed in a positive way so that is more streamlined, personal and […]

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What is Bartonellosis?

IntroductionCauseSymptomsEpidemiologyDiagnosis and TreatmentReferencesFurther Reading Bartonellosis is a set of complex infectious diseases caused by the bacteria Bartonella bacilliformis. These diseases are transmitted by sandflies and comprise different conditions like Oroya fever, trench fever, peliosis hepatis, Carrion's disease cat scratch disease, among others. Therefore, understanding the bacteria Bartonella is vital for enhancing our knowledge about the infectious diseases it causes to […]

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What is a Viral Strain?

Viruses can change and alter their genetic make-up. When these changes occur, the virus may become more or less of a threat to the human host. Virologists are therefore interested in tracking the evolution of the viral genome. Viral strain concept. Image Credit: Lightspring/Shutterstock.com In the case of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, it is designated a single species, but there are […]

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