In South Africa, newly approved TB regimen drastically cuts treatment time

Four years ago, South African fashion designer Innocent Molefe, 38, was diagnosed with tuberculosis. A year ago, it developed into multi-drug resistant strain requiring painful injections and heaps of pills. Three months after the first round of treatment, he relapsed and started a second round. At the end of it he still wasn’t cured. Thanks to a new treatment—approved Wednesday […]

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Researchers identify glial cells as critical players in brain’s response to social stress

Exposure to violence, social conflict, and other stressors increase risk for psychiatric conditions such as depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. Not everyone who experiences significant stress will develop such a response, however, and the cellular and molecular basis for an individual’s underlying resilience or susceptibility to stressful events has remained poorly understood. Now, a newly published paper in the journal […]

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Patient survey reveals flaws in cancer treatment

An international survey of more than 4000 cancer patients and carers, including 850 Australians, has highlighted the need to tackle shortcomings in diagnosis, treatment and psychological support as well as high medical costs. The survey is believed to be the biggest-ever international study specifically aimed at obtaining patient perspectives on inefficiency in cancer care, defined as anything that does not […]

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A THIRD of childhood asthma cases in Europe caused by air pollution

Air pollution may cause a THIRD of all childhood asthma cases in Europe as scientists demand an ‘urgent call for action’ Researchers studied more than 63million children across 18 European countries  Across Europe, 33% of new cases of childhood asthma could be prevented a year This is if countries reduced their PM2.5 levels to the lowest ever recorded In the […]

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Collaboration sees sustained increase in imaging history quality from ordering providers

According to an ahead-of-print “Focus On” article published in the November issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR), collaborative research has not only standardized the definition of a complete imaging history, but also engineered systems to include supportive prompts in the order entry interface with a single keystroke—sustainably improving the quality of imaging histories, themselves. A Kaiser Permanente multidisciplinary […]

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Persistent inflammation in sepsis survivors linked to higher mortality rates

One out of four sepsis patients who survive their hospital stay have elevated levels of inflammation a year after discharge, and they are at higher risk for major health problems and death, according to a study led by physician-scientists at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System. The results, published today in JAMA […]

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APOE variants’ effect on mortality studied in 38,000

A new study of 38,537 persons of European ancestry suggests that a rare variation of a gene called APOE may be protective and prolong life, in sharp contrast to a more widely studied APOE variant that increases risk of death. The findings by the E2-CHARGE consortium of investigators, led by senior investigator Sudha Seshadri, M.D., of UT Health San Antonio, […]

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Bone health management key in childhood cancer survivors

(HealthDay)—As part of a literature review, published in the June issue of the Annals of Oncology, recommendations are presented for the management of bone health in survivors of childhood cancer. Gemma Marcucci, M.D., from the University of Florence in Italy, and colleagues, as part of the International Osteoporosis Foundation Cancer and Bone Working Group, reviewed the literature and developed recommendations […]

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