Determined DNA hunt reveals schizophrenia clue

An 18-year study using the DNA of thousands of people in India has identified a new clue in the quest for causes of schizophrenia, and for potential treatments. University of Queensland and Indian researchers searched the genomes of more than 3000 individuals and found those with schizophrenia were more likely to have a particular genetic variation. Professor Bryan Mowry from […]

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Air pollution means pregnant women can’t breathe easy

Pregnant women receive a lot of instructions to ensure the healthiest possible baby: what to eat and drink, what to avoid, which vitamins to take, which activities to avoid and more. But what about breathing? Researchers have long been concerned about air pollution’s effects on pregnancy, with possible consequences ranging from premature births and low birth weight to elevated blood […]

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Tackling the growing problem of loneliness and isolation

A program to address social isolation and reduce burden on the health care system is being trialled in Australia, thanks to a partnership led by The University of Queensland. The Ways to Wellness Social Isolation Project—officially launched on 26 June—is a partnership between UQ, the Queensland Community Alliance, the Mt Gravatt Community Centre and the Mt Gravatt Men’s Shed. The […]

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Study confirms the positive effect of yoga on prison inmates

A new study strengthens previous results on the positive effect of yoga on prison inmates. In this study, inmates’ character maturity across several dimensions increased after 10 weeks of yoga. Those who participated in yoga classes reported an increased sense of responsibility, self-acceptance and control of their behaviors. “It is possible that a mature character can reduce the risk of […]

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Study shows the brain replays non-spatial, sequential tasks during rest periods

A pair of researchers, one with the Max Planck Institute for Human Development, the other Princeton University, has found evidence that indicates that part of the human brain replays non-spatial, sequential tasks during rest periods. In their paper published in the journal Science, Nicolas Schuck and Yael Niv describe experiments they carried out with human volunteers and what they learned. […]

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Using artificial intelligence to deliver personalized radiation therapy

New Cleveland Clinic-led research shows that artificial intelligence (AI) can use medical scans and health records to personalize the dose of radiation therapy used to treat cancer patients. Published today in The Lancet Digital Health, the research team developed an AI framework based on patient computerized tomography (CT) scans and electronic health records. This new AI framework is the first […]

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High BMI, weight gain linked to lasting decrease in ALS risk

(HealthDay)—High body mass index (BMI) and weight gain are associated with a reduced long-term risk for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), according to a study published online June 26 in Neurology. Ola Nakken, M.D., from the University of Oslo in Norway, and colleagues collected objectively measured BMI from 85 percent of all citizens aged 20 to 70 years living in 18 […]

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Interdisciplinary approach decreases broad spectrum antibiotic usage

An interdisciplinary approach to antimicrobial stewardship involving comprehensive blood culture identification (BCID) testing decreased broad spectrum antibiotic use, according to new research presented last week in Philadelphia at the 46th Annual Conference of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC). The microbiology lab at Einstein Medical Center Montgomery in Pennsylvania, in collaboration with the antimicrobial stewardship team, […]

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Long-term statin use associated with lower glaucoma risk

A new study brings the connection between statin use and risk of glaucoma into sharper focus. Investigators from Brigham and Women’s Hospital have found that using statins for five or more years is associated with lower risk of primary open-angle glaucoma. Results of the study were published recently in JAMA Ophthalmology. Glaucoma, a leading cause of blindness, is a condition […]

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New combination therapy established as safe and effective for prostate cancer

A novel therapy using two targeted treatments for prostate cancer has been shown to maximize efficacy while reducing side effects according to research presented at the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) 2019 Annual Meeting. Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among men in the United States, other than skin cancer. According to the American Cancer […]

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