Intensive BP treatment does not reduce dementia risk

(HealthDay)—Treating systolic blood pressure (BP) to a goal of less than 120 mm Hg rather than 140 mm Hg does not result in a significant reduction in the risk for probable dementia, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Jeff D. Williamson, M.D., M.H.S., from the Wake Forest School of Medicine […]

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Newborn babies have inbuilt ability to pick out words, finds study

A research study of newborn babies has revealed that humans are born with the innate skills needed to pick out words from language. The international team of researchers discovered two mechanisms in 3-day-old infants, which give them the skills to pick out words in a stream of sounds. The discovery provides a key insight into a first step to learning […]

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New therapeutic targets for kidney fibrosis emerge

Chronic kidney disease is a global health concern, affecting about 10 percent of the world’s population—and increasing in prevalence. A final, common pathway in chronic kidney disease is fibrosis. Just as fibrosis—or the formation of fibrous connective tissue—can cause devastating effects in the lung, liver, heart and elsewhere, fibrosis of the kidneys can ultimately lead to end-stage kidney failure. In […]

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Home remedies: Animals as healers

Pet therapy is gaining fans in health care and beyond. Animal-assisted therapy can reduce pain and anxiety in people with a range of health problems. What is pet therapy? Pet therapy is a broad term that includes animal-assisted therapy and other animal-assisted activities. Animal-assisted therapy is a growing field that uses dogs or other animals to help people recover from […]

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Muscle memory discovery ends ‘use it or lose it’ dogma

The old adage “use it or lose it” tells us: if you stop using your muscles, they’ll shrink. Until recently, scientists thought this meant that nuclei—the cell control centers that build and maintain muscle fibers—are also lost to sloth. But according to a review published in Frontiers in Physiology, modern lab techniques now allow us to see that nuclei gained […]

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BP >120/80 mm hg linked to lower gray matter volume

(HealthDay)—In young adults, lower gray matter volume (GMV) is seen in individuals with blood pressure (BP) >120/80 mm Hg, according to a study published online Jan. 23 in Neurology. H. Lina Schaare, from the International Max Planck Research School in Leipzig, Germany, and colleagues examined the correlation between BP and GMV from structural 3T T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of 423 […]

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Regulatory policy changes needed to bring AI into clinical decision making, study says

A new white paper from the Duke-Margolis Center for Health Policy outlines the policy needs for incorporating artificial intelligence (AI) into diagnosis and other types of clinical decision support software with effective innovation, regulation and patient protections. “AI is now poised to disrupt health care, with the potential to improve patient outcomes, reduce costs, and enhance work-life balance for healthcare […]

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Does being bilingual make children more focused? Study says no

Bilingual children do not have more advantages than monolingual children when it comes to executive function, which includes remembering instructions, controlling responses, and shifting swiftly between tasks, according to a new study published in PLOS One. The study, “No evidence for effects of Turkish immigrant children’s bilingualism on executive functions,” was coauthored by two UT faculty members: Nils Jaekel, clinical […]

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Engineered immune cells target broad range of pediatric solid tumors in mice

Immune cells engineered to attack childhood cancers were able to eradicate different types of pediatric tumors in mice, according to a new study from the Stanford University School of Medicine. The study, which will be published online Jan. 17 in Clinical Cancer Research, provides evidence that these engineered cells can target many types of pediatric solid tumors, including brain tumors. […]

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