How a popular antidepressant drug could rewire the brain

Prozac, the trade name for the drug fluoxetine, was introduced to the U.S. market for the treatment of depression in 1988. Thirty years later, scientists still don’t know exactly how the medication exerts its mood-lifting effects. Now, researchers report that, in addition to the drug’s known action on serotonin receptors, fluoxetine could rearrange nerve fibers in the hippocampus of mouse […]

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Therapeutic strategies based on evolutionary principles may improve patient outcomes

For over a century, cancer treatment research has primarily focused on developing new and better drugs. The introduction of new drugs, particularly in the past 20 years, has significantly improved patient outcomes when the tumor is localized to one region of the body. Unfortunately, many patients with wide-spread metastatic disease still succumb to their cancer. The problem is not that […]

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Adults with cerebral palsy at higher risk for osteoporosis

(HealthDay)—Cerebral palsy (CP) is associated with an increased risk for osteoporosis and osteoarthritis, according to a study published in the August issue of Bone. Neil E. O’Connell, Ph.D., from Brunel University London, and colleagues used data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (1987 to 2015) to identify 1,705 adults with CP and 5,115 controls matched for age, sex, and general […]

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Determined DNA hunt reveals schizophrenia clue

An 18-year study using the DNA of thousands of people in India has identified a new clue in the quest for causes of schizophrenia, and for potential treatments. University of Queensland and Indian researchers searched the genomes of more than 3000 individuals and found those with schizophrenia were more likely to have a particular genetic variation. Professor Bryan Mowry from […]

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Air pollution means pregnant women can’t breathe easy

Pregnant women receive a lot of instructions to ensure the healthiest possible baby: what to eat and drink, what to avoid, which vitamins to take, which activities to avoid and more. But what about breathing? Researchers have long been concerned about air pollution’s effects on pregnancy, with possible consequences ranging from premature births and low birth weight to elevated blood […]

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Tackling the growing problem of loneliness and isolation

A program to address social isolation and reduce burden on the health care system is being trialled in Australia, thanks to a partnership led by The University of Queensland. The Ways to Wellness Social Isolation Project—officially launched on 26 June—is a partnership between UQ, the Queensland Community Alliance, the Mt Gravatt Community Centre and the Mt Gravatt Men’s Shed. The […]

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Study confirms the positive effect of yoga on prison inmates

A new study strengthens previous results on the positive effect of yoga on prison inmates. In this study, inmates’ character maturity across several dimensions increased after 10 weeks of yoga. Those who participated in yoga classes reported an increased sense of responsibility, self-acceptance and control of their behaviors. “It is possible that a mature character can reduce the risk of […]

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Study shows the brain replays non-spatial, sequential tasks during rest periods

A pair of researchers, one with the Max Planck Institute for Human Development, the other Princeton University, has found evidence that indicates that part of the human brain replays non-spatial, sequential tasks during rest periods. In their paper published in the journal Science, Nicolas Schuck and Yael Niv describe experiments they carried out with human volunteers and what they learned. […]

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