Major study finds one in five children have mental health problems

One in five Ontario children and youth suffer from a mental disorder, but less than one-third have had contact with a mental health care provider, says the Ontario Child Health Study (OCHS). Although those overall results echo a similar study from 1983, the new study found a much larger proportion of children and youth with a disorder had contact with […]

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New role for innate immune sensor: Suppressing liver cancer

UT Southwestern researchers have found that a protein in the body’s innate immune system that responds to gut microbes can suppress the most common type of liver cancer. The study, published today in the journal eLife, determined that NLRP12, an innate immune sensor, has a protective effect against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a deadly human cancer associated with chronic inflammation. HCC […]

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AEDs tied to higher pneumonia risk in Alzheimer patients

(HealthDay)—Antiepileptic drug (AED) use may increase the risk for pneumonia in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD), according to a study recently published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease. Heidi Taipale, Ph.D., from the University of Eastern Finland in Kuopio, and colleagues evaluated whether incident AED use is associated with an increased risk for pneumonia among community-dwelling individuals with AD. A […]

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Discovery aids search for cancer biomarkers

A report by researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center has shattered conventional wisdom about how cells, including cancer cells, shed DNA into the bloodstream: they don’t do it by packaging the genetic material in tiny vesicles called exosomes. Their findings, reported April 4 in the journal Cell, have important implications for the development of “liquid biopsies” that could speed cancer […]

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Privacy curtains could be reservoir of deadly bacteria: study

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Hard-to-clean privacy curtains in hospitals and nursing homes worldwide may be contaminated with deadly drug-resistant bugs, according to findings to be presented Saturday at an infectious diseases conference. More than a fifth of 1,500 samples taken from six post-acute care nursing facilities in the United States were laced with one or more dangerous bacteria, including the […]

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Tanzania’s government announces outbreak of dengue fever

Tanzanian authorities have announced an outbreak of the mosquito-borne dengue fever in the commercial capital Dar es Salaam and Tanga region along the coast. Deputy health minister Faustine Ndugulile said Thursday that 252 people have been hospitalized in Dar es Salaam while 55 others have been admitted at health facilities in the Tanga region. Dengue fever causes severe headache along […]

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Brain-like model provides hope for millions with Alzheimer’s, other neurological disorders

Up to 1 billion people, nearly one in six of the world’s population, suffer from neurological disorders. The number of people with those disorders, including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, has been steadily increasing in recent decades. Drug discovery and development efforts to mitigate these diseases have increased. However, those efforts have been slow to translate into clinical practices and medications […]

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Vaccination only way to halt childhood disease

Vaccination is the most effective and safe preventive strategy against many childhood infectious diseases. We can vaccinate effectively and safely against potentially lethal and debilitating diseases including measles, mumps, influenza, smallpox, tuberculosis, Rubella, poliomyelitis, and various other diseases. However, there are still outbreaks where vaccination is not available and increasingly in the era of contrarian thinking where vaccines are not […]

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Identifying regions that would most benefit from an innovative strategy against malaria

An analysis led by ISGlobal identifies African regions where ivermectin administration to livestock would have the greatest impact on malaria transmission. The results, published in Scientific Reports, point to West Africa, below the Sahel, where malaria prevalence is very high. Between 2000 and 2015, an estimated 663 million malaria cases were prevented worldwide, mostly due to the use of insecticide-treated […]

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